Fitness Circuit Course - Action for Healthy Kids
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Fitness Circuit Course

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jump rope corner in PE classFitness circuit courses are a fun and interactive way for kids to be physically active. Fitness courses consist of setting up several stations with different activities for students to rotate through in short periods of time (usually one or two minutes). Courses are best in open spaces such as the gym or playground, but if space is limited, other areas such as hallways and classrooms can also be creatively used.

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Circuit courses are a great way to integrate aerobic fitness with muscular endurance and flexibility activities during PE or recess. Circuit courses can also help to introduce new activities or to reinforce self-practice of previously taught skills and movements. Training in a circuit is also an efficient way to get students active if time is limited. Get your fitness circuit course started with these steps:

  • Determine if the circuit will be in the gym during PE or the playground during recess. If using the playground, make sure there is supervision to help minimize injury and encourage safe and active behavior, and regularly check play areas for safety hazards.
  • Select the number of stations you want to include in your circuit. The number of stations in the circuit depends on the number of students and the space available. Aim for no more than 5-7 students in each group.
  • Choose your fitness stations. Consider:
    • Using exercises that students enjoy and already know how to do.
    • Exercises that use little equipment to minimize set-up and tear-down time.
    • Exercises that will engage the class for the entire class period.
    • Exercises that can be easily modified to accommodate any level of participant (according to age, skill level, etc.).
    • Exercises that are repeatable and can be performed with minimal assistance.
  • Determine the length of time that students should spend at each station. Allow for about 15-30 seconds of rest between each station to help students catch their breath and prepare for their new station activity.
  • Include a 5-minute warm-up and a 5-minute cool-down activity.

Here’s How It Works

  • Divide students into small groups and assign each group to fitness station (where they will begin).
  • Demonstrate each activity station, and provide examples of modifications.
  • Start the workout! Each group will do the activity until a signal is given (such as a whistle or pause in music) for all students to travel to the next station.
  • Instead of walking or running to the next station, consider using specified locomotor patterns such jogging, skipping, jumping, or galloping


  • Music helps motivate, sets a pace and adds energy and fun. Students may pick music and recommend exercises.
  • Consider using similar exercises in your fitness circuit course as those in fitness testing to provide ample time to practice and improve.
  • Provide enough equipment for all participants at a station.
  • Vary the circuits on a weekly or monthly basis with different exercises, adding ball activities, rope jumping, or partner activities.
  • Observe students during the course to correct techniques as needed.
  • Set up stations before class begins or while students are doing warm-up activities.
  • It is safer to have kicking, running, striking, and faster-paced sport activities such as soccer, kickball, and tag games on grassy areas. All game and sport activities should be done away from the playground apparatus for climbing, sliding and swinging.
  • Post signs with pictures and cue cards to indicate where and how each activity is to be performed.
  • Conduct fitness circuits as a part of a warm-up activity for other games or dances.
  • Include exercises for all of the major muscle groups and ones that target aerobic endurance, muscular strength and endurance, and flexibility.
  • Include exercises that target the components of skill-related fitness such as agility, balance, coordination, power, and speed.

Inclusion Tips

Students with lower levels of physical fitness and students with disabilities may not be able to do the entire circuit but should be encouraged to try each activity with modifications. Provide a graphic guide and a peer helper or adult aid for each station to make sure that all participants know what is to be performed at each station. Encourage everyone to participate at his or her own rate of speed.

Circuits can be easily adjusted to accommodate limitations of students with disabilities by adding alternative exercises or modifications. Because circuits provide a continuous activity for all participants, the wait time from activity to activity is very minimal. This may benefit some students who have difficulty with waiting or remembering. Circuits also easily accommodate lower fitness students who need additional rest breaks or to move more slowly, as students can work at their own pace.